Contes de la saison folles (French Edition)
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However, certain color adjectives are invariable—that is, they never change regardless of the gender and number of the noun. All of these adjectives are derived from nouns. Look at these dogs.
There's another word for "chestnut" too! There's one more instance of invariability you should be aware of when dealing with color words. When you use more than one adjective to designate a single color like "light blue," "dark green," etc. For example:. As you may have noticed, like many other adjectives, color adjectives always follow the noun in French. Thanks for reading! In Le Journal 's video on chalets, we're treated to a fascinating description of a modern cabin entirely built of ancient wood. And speaking of modernity, the speaker's story includes quite a few instances of neuf and nouveau.
Both adjectives mean "new," but each corresponds to a different meaning of the word "new. Before we talk about the trick to distinguishing between neuf and nouveau , we should point out the feminine forms, which are irregular, of each adjective: the feminine of neuf is neuve , and the feminine of nouveau is nouvelle though nouvel is used as the masculine form before words beginning with vowels or the silent letter h.
For example: un nouvel album. Aujourd'hui Michel Ferrari lui redonne une nouvelle vie. This log was cut more than two hundred years ago. Today, MichelFerrari gives it back a new life. Captions , Le Journal: Le chalet. Here, nouvelle vie denotes a life different from before. Notice that the qualifying adjective nouvelle precedes the noun vie.
Caption 14, Le Journal: Le chalet. Again, the adjective here indicates a change; the list of suppliers is now different from the previous one. And, once again, the adjective nouveaux is placed before the substantive fournisseurs. Now, the following captions give us some examples of an entirely different meaning of "new.
Notice that neuf is placed after the substantive bois. Caption 12, Le Journal: Le chalet. The speaker is talking about the recent construction of these houses. And note that neuf is a substantive here: "the new. Want some more examples of objects with which you could use neuf?
You could have un manteau neuf a new coat or un livre neuf a new book. And don't forget about the ironically named Pont-Neuf, which is actually the oldest bridge in Paris! And what other types of changes would you describe with the word nouveau? If you look at all the examples above, you'll see that neuf is used for recent creations: objects, like wood, constructions, etc. La Nouvelle Vague is the name of the post-WWII cinematic trend in France of shooting movies in a different, more realistic way and using modern, spontaneous young actors rather than handsome, classical movie stars.
In English, we call this type of cinema "French New Wave. There is also the term nouvelle cuisine , which refers to a French cooking approach that uses light ingredients and emphasizes presentation—a change from the previous heavy classical cuisine. Neuf is also used in some common expressions, like peau neuve , which we can also see in the chalet video. C'est l'heure pour elle de faire peau neuve. It's time for it to get a face-lift. Caption , Le Journal: Le chalet. Hard to believe there are five different options for such a simple word as "old"!
Stay tuned for a lesson that further discusses the placement of adjectives in French, which will help you solve that pesky "before or after? Some French adjectives change their meaning depending on whether we put them before or after the noun they modify. This pauvre homme poor, as in "pitiable," man had spent years doing nothing every day.
But, because he was also an homme pauvre poor, as in "penniless," man , he qualified for a microcredit loan, and is now a proud restaurateur! Sa propre pizzeria means it's his alone, but if he wants customers to keep coming back, he'd better make sure it's also a pizzeria propre a clean pizzeria! As you can see, if placed in front of the noun, propre signals ownership; if placed after, it indicates cleanliness.
We hear another interesting example when rugby-player-turned-singer Cali sings the romantic ballad C'est quand le bonheur? Caption 34, Cali: C'est quand le bonheur? You may notice that Cali does not mention anyone's age; ces vieux amants , "those old lovers," refers to lovers who have experienced long-lasting love. If Cali had placed the adjective vieux old after the noun amants lovers , then we'd know that he meant elderly lovers who, for all we know, met last week at bingo. So, amants vieux would indicate their age, while vieux amants indicates the duration of their love.
Notice that grand , placed before the noun, means "famous" or "great"—quite different from when it appears after the noun. Un homme grand means a tall man—a man of physically grand proportions. Caption 24, Le Journal: Cannabis en hausse chez les jeunes. This specialist talks about certains signes certain, as in "some specific," signs. But are these also signes certains certain, as in "definite, unquestionable," signs? Watch the video and decide for yourself! Keep an eye out for these and other adjectives that change their meaning depending on where they sit! Extra credit: Certain language sages have noted that, generally speaking, these types of adjectives take a more figurative meaning when placed before a noun, and a more literal one when placed after.
Can you see what they mean? Unlike adjectives, these never change in French:. In philosophical terms, they refer to "good" and "evil":. But they have more down-to-earth meanings as well. They both correspond to the English interjection "well" in this context:. Well , obviously there are personal reasons that come into play.
We know you look to Yabla for language, not math, so apologies in advance to any arithmophobes out there. Yes, we're going to talk some numbers today, but you can count on us to go easy on you. Remember last time, when we talked about French adjectives that come before the noun they modify? Well, there's another category of adjectives that behave that way: numbers! In this video about Pierre and Laurent's beautiful underwater photography, you see an example where the adjective deux two comes before the noun plongeurs divers.
It's just like in English: "two divers. And staying on the numerical track, when an adjective indicates a place in a series, like premier first , prochain next , or dernier last , it should also be placed in front of the noun it qualifies. If you'd rather be on top of the water than underneath it, take a look at this lightning trip around the world in 50 days. Captain Bruno Peyron and his crew break Steve Fossett's record on their impressive catamaran. When the young Bruno Peyron completed the first trip around the world with a crew and without a stop Notice the adjective premier first that precedes the noun tour trip , because premier indicates a place in a series the first place.
However, be aware that prochain next and dernier last do not always precede the noun they modify. In fact, they follow the noun when they indicate a notion of time, as when they are used with a week, month, or year. For example: le mois prochain next month. We hear an example in the video about French youth up in arms against the loi Fillon designed to reform French education.
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Finally, one last number-related point: a tip on where to place an adjective if, after all you've learned from the Yabla lessons, you still aren't quite sure where the darn thing should go. It's easy math: count and compare the number of syllables in the two words, adjective and noun. Most often, the qualifying adjective is placed in front of the noun if the noun is composed of a greater number of syllables than the adjective. In other words, if the adjective is shorter, it goes in front. Corrine, a young and charming French woman, shows us an example of this when talking about the merits of her hometown.
On a la chaleur, on a, euh We've got warm weather, we have, uh Caption , Fanny et Corrine: Leurs origines. Notice how Corrine mentions Marseilles' beaux paysages beautiful landscapes. The adjective beaux beautiful has fewer syllables than the noun paysages landscapes , so beaux is placed before paysages. Conversely, the adjective is usually placed after the noun if it has more syllables than does the noun.
For example, you would say une voix horrible a horrible voice ; the noun voix voice has fewer syllables than the adjective horrible , so the noun comes first. Le Journal tells the story of Claudia Rusch, a young Francophile who was one of the first to scramble over the falling Berlin Wall to join a friend on that memorable day, November 9th, Here, because the adjective insupportable unbearable has a greater number of syllables than the noun grillage fence , the adjective goes last.
If you read one of our previous lessons , you would probably guess that these words are all adverbs. And you would be right! You might also guess that they mean "eventually," "actually," and "forcefully.
These words are all false cognates or faux amis , literally "false friends" , which are words that look similar in two languages but mean different things. French and English share too many faux amis to include in one lesson, so for now we'll focus on these three deceptive adverbs. It can also be more specifically translated as "when necessary" or "if needed.
Our second adverb, actuellement , is not "actually," but "currently" or "presently":. And in case this wasn't complicated enough, "currently" has a faux ami of its own: couramment fluently. Je l'aime bien, mais I like him all right, but This one actually makes sense if you break up the word.
English and French share so many faux amis that there are entire books dedicated to the subject. But if you're not itching to memorize them all right away, you can learn why there are so many of them in this article. Did you know that, in French, "good" can also mean "right," and "bad" can also mean "wrong"? This might sound sort of philosophical, but it's really just an issue of translation. They usually mean "good" and "bad" respectively, but depending on context, they can also mean "right" and "wrong":.
You can also give me two account numbers. Using these adjectives isn't the only way to describe correctness and incorrectness. Je ne suis pas trop dans mon assiette. I feel under the weather. Amerigo Vespucci - Part 3. Unlike possessive adjectives and pronouns, which change depending on the gender masculine or feminine and number singular or plural of the possessed object, this construction corresponds to the gender and number of the possessor:. You'll often find this construction in combination with a possessive adjective.
Let's say you're at a dog park and you're telling someone whose dog is whose.
You can specify by saying:. It's the equivalent of the English expression "it's up to me, you, etc.
Seulement is the adverbial form of the adjective seul e , which has another similar and sadder! And seulement has some additional meanings of its own. It can be used to express a regret "if only Although unique and uniquement are most directly translated as "unique" and "uniquely," they can also mean "only":. As you might have guessed, ne In these constructions, the two components go on either side of the verb:.
Sometimes, que can mean "only" outside of the ne The ne in this sentence goes with pas not , while the que stands on its own to mean "only. And you should follow us too! In our last lesson , we talked about the word plus more and how its different pronunciations affect its meaning. Like plus , moins is an adverb of comparison, and can modify both adjectives and nouns. And then cereal, but that's less common than where you come from, than in the United States, than in England.
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This is the cheapest book, and almost all publishers have a paperback collection. Moins is also the basis for several common expressions. Everybody knows Santa Claus, everybody's written him at least once Since moins is a quantitative word like plus , it makes sense that it can be used with numbers as well. And there we have it, here I am dressed to go out in below zero, negative fifteen degrees. We hope you are plus ou moins satisfait e more or less satisfied with our presentation of plus and moins!
Why not try learning or relearning geometry in French? It's the word for "supposed," as in "supposed to do something. French Lessons Topics. Topics Spelling Vocabulary. Signup to get Free French Lessons sent by email Sign up. Joanna - Son nouvel appartement. Bookmark Bookmarked. This experienced astronaut spent hours observing Earth. NASA had to face an avalanche of data and embarrassing evidence.
Adjectives derived from proper names Have you had a look at the fascinating Le Journal piece about World War I we recently added, "Life in the Trenches"? Topics Grammar. Le Journal - La Grande Muraille vue de l'espace? Tokiroa is all the same more important than the beautiful Garciai.
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What are you thinking about, handsome? Caption 1, Le Journal: Un automne bien chaud Notice that the short and common adjective gros big this time follows the noun soleil sun to emphasize how exceptionally large the sun seems to be on an unusually warm autumn day. Le Journal - Un automne bien chaud. Debout Sur Le Zinc - Les mots d'amour.
Making Adverbs from Adjectives Adverbs are words that describe how something is done. First take the masculine form of the adjective: 1. It was absolutely impossible, obviously , to express the slightest regret Strasbourg - Les passants. Adjectives of Color, Shape, and Origin You may have heard that most of the time, an adjective in French is placed after the noun. Square meter by square meter. A, a chunk of, of beef braised in red wine , with some foie gras inside Here, this is Chinese cabbage.
Le Journal - Salon du livre. He had a rather overactive romantic and sex life. Whichever way Michel says it, we have to agree with his statement! Bertrand Pierre - Victor Hugo. Pas de Deux To wrap up our series of lessons on adjectives, we want to show you a few examples of multiple adjectives qualifying the same noun. So, we place each adjective in its proper place and we get fameuse petite robe noire Of course, sometimes you'll see multiple adjectives on just one one side of a noun either before or after.
Like two newlyweds , our destinies are linked. Unchanging Colors In this lesson, we're going to discuss a somewhat tricky aspect of French color words. Le saviez-vous? Fanny parle des saisons - S'habiller en hiver. Stromae - Bienvenue chez moi. What's New with New? We see an instance of nouvelle right at the beginning of the chalet video. Captions , Le Journal: Le chalet Here, nouvelle vie denotes a life different from before. A little further, we see nouveaux the plural form of nouveau : La Pologne fait par exemple partie des nouveaux fournisseurs.
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