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This is a list of Roman cognomina. This is a list of Xbox One games currently planned or released either at retail or via download. The history of insurance traces the development of the modern business of insurance against risks, especially regarding cargo, property, death, automobile accidents, and medical treatment. The insurance industry helps to eliminate risks as when fire-insurance providers demand the implementation of safe practices and the installation of hydrants , spreads risks from individuals to the larger community, and provides an important source of long-term finance for both the public and private sectors.
In Ancient Era Insurance in some form dates back to early human society. Initially, people sold goods in their own villages or gathering places. However, with the passage of time, they turned to nearby villages to sell. Insurance in the former case entails ag. Jacobus Taurinus Jacob van Toor — was a Dutch preacher and theologian, a main supporter of the Remonstrants and polemical writer in their cause. In a polemical pamphlet involved Taurinus in serious political trouble, it having offended James I of England. The Asia Rugby Championship was the fourth annual rugby union series for the top-level Asia Rugby nations.
The Asia Rugby Championship in formed part of the World Cup qualifying process and, as such, did not include Japan who had already qualified as the Rugby World Cup host. Hong Kong and South Korea were joined by Malaysia, promoted from Division 1, to compete in the series. The series winner Hong Kong advanced to a cross-regional play-off series against Oceania 4, Cook Islands, to earn a berth in the repechage tournament. James Madison Jr. March 16, [b] — June 28, was an American statesman, lawyer, diplomat, philosopher, and Founding Father who served as the fourth president of the United States from to Born into a prominent Virginia planter family, Madison served as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates and the Continental Congress during and after the American Revolutionary War.
He became dissatisfied with the weak national government established by the Articles of Confederation and helped organize the Constitutional Convention, which produced a new constitution to supplant the Articles of Confederation.
Madison's Virginia Plan served as the basis for the Constitutional Convent. The following is a list of etchings by the Dutch painter and etcher Rembrandt, with the catalogue numbers of Adam Bartsch. Each change or addition to the plate that can be seen in a print is referred to as a 'state' of the print. Image Bartsch States Title Year B 1 The rest on the flight into Egypt About S 2 The circumcision About B 6 The flight into Egypt: a sketch About B 2 The artist's mother: head only, full face B 2 The artist's mother: head and bust, three-quarters right B 1 Self-portrait with a broad nose About B 3 Self portrait leaning forward: bust About B 1 Self portrait, leaning forward, listening About B 1 Self portrait bareheaded, with high curly hair: head and bust About B 1 Beggar man and woman About B 1 A stout man in a large cloak About B 1 Self portrait bare-headed: bust, roughly etched S 1 A beggar in a tall hat and long cloak, with a cott.
The following list contains a selection from the Latin abbreviations that occur in the writings and inscriptions of the Romans. Ante Meridian. A palm oil plantation in Cigudeg, Bogor. Palm oil production is important to the economy of Indonesia as the country is the world's biggest producer and consumer of the commodity, providing about half of the world's supply. Oil palm plantations stretch across 12 million hectares, and is projected to reach 13 million by There are several different types of plantations, including small, privately owned plantations, and larger, state- owned plantations.
In addition to servicing traditional markets, Indonesia is looking to put more effort into producing biodiesel. China and India are the major importers of palm oil, accounting for more than a third of global palm oil imports. He belonged to the school known as the commentators or postglossators. Life and works Bartolus was born in the village of Venatura, near Sassoferrato, in the Italian region of Marche.
His father was Franciscus Severi, and his mother was of the Alfani family. He read civil law at the universities of Perugia under Cinus, and Bologna under Oldradus and Belviso, and graduated to doctor of law in In he started teaching himself first in Pisa, then in Perugia. He raised the character of Perugia's law school to a level with that of Bologna, and this city made him an honorary citizen in In , Emperor Charles IV appointed him as. Plans were drawn up, construction being delayed the following year mainly due to floods.
The Autobiography of Benvenuto Cellini
Covering ha on the Borcea branch of the Danube, 6, workers were initially hired. He was elevated to the cardinalate in After ordination he became parish priest of the parish of San Salvatore in Pavia and founded a youth association with the aim especially of promoting participation in the Liturgy. In Bishop, Allorio sent him to Rome for studies at the Pontifical Gregorian University, where he gained a doctorate in ecclesiastical history in , with a thesis entitled La politica religiosa dei re longobardi The Religious Policies of the Lombard Kings. In this period he was also spiritua.
Myers, Philip Van Ness , A medieval king investing a bishop with the symbols of office The Investiture Controversy or Investiture Contest was a conflict between church and state in medieval Europe over the ability to install high church officials through investiture. According to historian Norman Cantor, the Investiture Controversy was "the turning-point in medieval civilization", marking the end of the Early Middle Ages with the Germanic peoples' "final and decisive" acceptance of Christianity.
More importantly, it set the stage for the religious and political system of the High Middle Ages. As minor planet discoveries are confirmed, they are given a permanent number by the IAU's Minor Planet Center, and the discoverers can then submit names for them, following the IAU's naming conventions. The list below concerns those minor planets in the specified number-range that have received names, and explains the meanings of those names.
Schmadel's Dictionary of Minor Planet Names. The term ratum sed non consummatum Latin: ratified but not consummated or ratum et non consummatum Latin: ratified and not consummated refers to a juridical-sacramental category of marriage in Catholic matrimonial canon law. If a matrimonial celebration takes place ratification but the spouses have not yet engaged in intercourse consummation , then the marriage is said to be a marriage ratum sed non consummatum.
The Tribunal of the Roman Rota has exclusive competence to dispense from marriages ratum sed non consummatum, which can only be granted for a "just reason". History Two different theories of marriage were in vogue for some time in the schools of canonical jurists. For Gratian and the school of Bologna, marriage is begun by consent, but it becomes complete, indissoluble, and a sacrament only when it is consummated.
For Peter. It is the seat of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Toledo. The cathedral of Toledo is one of the three 13th-century High Gothic cathedrals in Spain and is considered, in the opinion of some authorities, to be the magnum opus of the Gothic style in Spain. It was begun in under the rule of Ferdinand III and the last Gothic contributions were made in the 15th century when, in , the vaults of the central nave were finished during the time of the Catholic Monarchs.
It was modeled after the Bourges Cathedral, although its five naves plan is a consequence of the constructors' intention to cover all of the sacred space of the former city mosque with the cathedral, and of the former sahn with the cloister. The spectacular inc. His coach, Cedric Miller, had spotted Poe practicing with the marching band in the summer before Poe's freshman year at Wooddale, and told him to report to football practice the next day.
Besides his hometown school Memphis, he was recruited by Auburn, Colorado, and Mississippi. Walcher of Malvern, also known as Walcher of Lorraine, was the second Prior of Great Malvern Priory in Worcestershire, England, and a noted astronomer, astrologer and mathematician. He has been described as an important transitional figure, whose observations and writings reflected the transformation of the astronomy of the Latin West from its traditional focus on computing dates in the ecclesiastical calendar and studying the rudiments of Roman astronomy to the use of ancient astronomical computational methods learned from Arabic zijes and other Islamic sources.
Using an astrolabe to measure the time of several solar and lunar eclipses with an accuracy of about fifteen minutes. His l. Moscow is the major political, economic, cultural, and scientific center of Russia and Eastern Europe, as well as the largest city both by population and by area entirely on the European continent. By broader definitions, Moscow is among the world's largest cities, being the 14th largest metro area, the 18th largest agglomeration, the 14th largest urban area, and the 11th largest by population within city limits worldwide.
According to Forbes , Moscow has been ranked as the ninth most expensive city in the world by Mercer and has one of the world's largest urban economies, being ranked as an alpha global city according to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, and is also one o.
John M. Keynes Demand-led growth is the foundation of an economic theory claiming that an increase in aggregate demand will ultimately cause an increase in total output in the long run. This is based on a hypothetical sequence of events where an increase in demand will, in effect, stimulate an increase in supply within resource limitations. This stands in opposition to the common neo-classical theory that demand follows supply, and consequently, that supply determines growth in the long run.
Within the theory of demand-led growth, there exist two schools of thought. The first claims that an increase in wage share is the impetus for growth. A study by the ILO, to illustrate, concluded that higher wage shares correlate with increased produ. And peace on Earth, for Jesus has been born.
Ave virgo sanctissima — Francisco Guerrero Francisco Guerrero - It has proved difficult to find just the right place for Francisco Guerrero amongst the composers of his time. A contemporary of Palestrina, although they are not known to have met, he was the pre-eminent Spanish composer of the generation between Morales and Victoria. Like Victoria he was a church musician, yet wrote as much secular music as he did sacred. And although he made his career entirely in Spain , he owed more to Palestrina's methods and ideals than either Morales or Victoria , both of whom lived in Rome for many years.
Guerrero lived a colourful life, the details of which were relatively well documented at the time. Both the cathedral chapters in Jaen and Malaga tried to entice him away, but he always found his way back to Seville where, in , the authorities offered him the right to succeed the ageing maestro, Pedro Fernandez. Catedral de Sevilla. Unfortunately for Guerrero, Fernandez lived another twenty-three years, and it was only in that he finally took over. By then he was internationally renowned as a composer, having had his works published not only in Seville, but also in Paris, Venice and Louvain; and outside Europe, in the Spanish-American empire, his works were far better known than those of any of his contemporaries.
While seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Italian composers, under orders from the Catholic authorities, tried to perpetuate the style of Palestrina, in the New World Guerrero's music continued to be sung as if it were new, helped by its proto-Baroque harmonic clarity. Ave virgo sanctissima became so popular in Guerrero's lifetime that it was regarded as the quintessentially perfect Marian motet and used as a parody model by a host of composers, many of them Flemish.
Perhaps the most remarkable aspect of this masterpiece is that the intense emotion is generated within the confines of a canonic structure: the two soprano parts echo each other throughout at an eight-beat interval, yet they move so smoothly and effortlessly that it would be easy to assume that there was no complexity involved.
Ave virgo sanctissima Dei mater piisima Maris stella clarissima Salve semper gloriosa Margarita pretiosa Sicut lilium formosa Nitens olens velut rosa. Hail, Holy Virgin, most blessed Mother of God, bright star of the sea. Hail, ever glorious, precious pearl, lovely as the lily, beautiful and perfumed as the rose. Basilica di San Marco Venezia. His two-choir Ave Maria is a beautiful, reflective motet with answering phrases between the two groups of singers that is most enchanting.
Ave Maria, gratia plena, Dominus tecum; benedicta tu in mulieribus, et benedictus fructus ventris tui, Jesus. Sancta Maria, Mater Dei, ora pro nobis peccatoribus, ut cum electis te videamus. Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee; blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus.
Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, that with the elect we may gaze upon thee. In Guerrero undertook a journey which truly sets him apart from every notable composer of the period: he went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. On the way back his ship was twice boarded by pirates, who threatened his life and exacted a ransom. When he finally resumed his duties at Seville Cathedral, the cost of publishing his music and the depredations of the pirates had placed him in such serious financial difficulties that in he was committed to a debtors' prison.
The cathedral chapter secured his release by paying off his creditors, and they also engaged Alonso Lobo to act as his assistant. In he published what proved to be a popular book about his journey to the Holy Land El viaje de Hierusalem , which surely would benefit from a modern edition , during the course of which he wrote that he longed to return there. On 11 January he obtained another year's leave in order to go, but delayed in starting out and died from the plague that struck Seville in the late summer.
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O Domine Jesu Christe is an extra-liturgical text in which the wounded Saviour is adored upon the Cross. Guerrero treats it with tragic expression. It has become one of his best loved pieces.
Autobiography of Benvenuto Cellini
He set the text twice; the present version is that of , later reprinted. A quite different setting was published in O Domine Jesu Christe, adoro te in cruce vulneratum felle et aceto potatum: deprecor te ut tua vulnera sint remedium animae meae. Lord Jesus Christ, I worship you, who was wounded on the cross and given gall and vinegar to drink: I pray that your wounds.
Blinded, perhaps, by the stunning brilliance of Victoria , scholars and performers alike have been slow to discern an equally wonderful talent. Nuernberger, research into the life and works of Vivanco is still in its infancy. We cannot even be sure of his date of birth. As a boy, Vivanco would have come under the decisive influence of the composer Bernardino de Ribera ? Here, Vivanco was initiated into the profession he would practice for the rest of his life. As chapelmaster, he took charge of all the polyphonic music performed in the cathedral, and was also responsible for the musical training and education of the seises.
In mid, by then probably approaching his late thirties, Vivanco received an invitation from the elderly and eminent Guerrero to come to Seville to work as his assistant there, and in particular to take over the training of the seises. For the next eight months, he was courted by the cathedral chapters in both places. A welter of documentary references reflects his indecision. Despite this, Vivanco elected to make the journey south to Seville early in in order to spend a trial period in the post there.
For a week or two he gave every appearance of wanting to settle. Gloria in excelcis Deo — Juan Esquivel Barahona c. Juan Esquivel Barahona c.
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In he returned to Ciudad Rodrigo as choirmaster, where he remained until his death. Esquivel composed only sacred music. This is especially true in his motets, which are among the shortest in the repertoire. Esquivel, however, was never reluctant to set a text for which a previous composer had gained some fame.
Esquivel is another sadly neglected Spanish composer but, thanks to Mapi Mundi and other similar small publishers, new works are surfacing all the time.
Gloria in excelsis Deo. Et in terra pax hominibus bonae voluntatis. Glory be to God on high, and on earth peace, good will towards men. Alonso Lobo - The Spanish school of renaissance composers, eventually to become one of the most splendid in Europe , was something of a late developer. Although there were significant figures working in Spain in the first half of the 16th century, it was really only with the ebbing of the tide of Franco-Flemish musicians at court that the astonishing depth of talent being trained in the local choir schools came to the fore.
Amongst the most impressive of these men were Francisco Guerrero and Alonso Lobo , almost certainly master and pupil.
Lobo's musical language is detectably of a later generation than that of Victoria , even though Lobo was only seven years younger. The difference between them was probably the training Victoria received in Rome , where he studied Palestrina's compositional method, learning how to control long spans of music without relying on constant changes of texture and harmonic speed.
The rhapsodic calmness of this style has led many commentators to attribute an intensity and mysticism to Victoria 's music which is equated with the essence of Spanish Catholicism. In fact Lobo also had a style which it is possible to say was typically Spanish, since the compositions of several of his contemporaries, including Vivanco and Esquivel, resembled his; yet it relies on different ingredients. And the relative lack of Palestrinian smoothness carries through to the separate sections in Lobo's music, which are often built on contrast, fast then slow, not usually to paint the superficial meaning of each word but rather to induce in the listener's mind the conflicting emotions behind them.
Lobo's style was never purely madrigalian, but a halfway point between it and the calm order of strictly imitative counterpoint. The first time we sang the work was in Locmaria, Quimper and I can still remember the audience reaction. There is a Facebook page and also a Twitter account to explore -. Twitter: ContrapunctusEM. At Counterpoint we also run a regularly. Twitter account: counterpointvox. Keep in touch and interact with. Newer Posts Older Posts Home.
Subscribe to: Posts Atom. Come to the sunny English Riviera. Or a snack at the on-site sandwich bar - but they don't linger long. Something very interesting is happening inside. First quite rightly the clarinets! Visitors follow the piccolo clarinet part. Just counting the bars rest is a challenge!
Joined at first desk by Lulu Fuller. Second Violins: Julian Milone If you lose your way in the score, bar numbers set you straight. Visitors can't resist playing along. French horns - in your face! Nigel Black. Children have a ball conducting the strings. While parents search for their place in the score. The band plays on - Pizzi-Cam! Cathedrals represent a place of beginnings, endings, solitude, fellowship, contemplation, knowledge and growth. As I was writing this piece, I found myself imagining a journey through a glass cathedral in the sky.
Because the walls would be transparent, I saw the image of clouds and blueness permeating from the outside of this church. The listener would float down the aisle, slowly moving upward at first and then progressing at a quicker pace, rising towards an immense ceiling which would open to the sky…as this journey progressed, the speed of the traveler would increase, rushing forward and upward. I wanted to create the sensation of contemplation and quiet peace at the beginning, moving towards the feeling of celebration and ecstatic expansion of the soul, all the while singing along with that heavenly music.
In the rustic and folk-like Suite in Old Style , Tabakova masterfully interweaves both eastern and western European musical styles. Each of the five movements spins a tale of color and life, peeking into the everyday activities of an 18th century aristocratic household. Here are some things to listen for in each movement:. I had the pleasure of meeting Dukes via Instagram , and she was kind enough to send me some of her piano music to play. Dukes has composed an astounding amount of piano solos that you can listen to on Spotify!
Her music has an incredible way of transporting you to another world. The song reflects feelings of helplessness, fear, and loss of control many of us felt at the time. Yet despite the fact that rockets continued to rain down, God comforted us. He was there with us- guarding and protecting us, showing us revealed good and open miracles.